Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zurich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zurich. The municipality has approximately 400,028 inhabitants, and the Zurich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zurich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zurich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.
Permanently settled for around 2000 years, the history of Zurich goes back to its founding by the Romans, who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum. However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6400 years ago. During the Middle Ages Zurich gained the independent and privileged status of imperial immediacy and, in 1519, became a primary center of the Protestant Reformation in Europe under the leadership of Ulrich Zwingli.
|Executive||Stadtrat with 9 members|
|Mayor||Stadtpräsidentin (list) Corine Mauch SPS/PSS (as of February 2014)|
|Parliament||Gemeinderat with 125 members|
|Total||87.88 km2 (33.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||408 m (1,339 ft)|
|Highest elevation(Üetliberg)||871 m (2,858 ft)|
|Lowest elevation(Limmat)||392 m (1,286 ft)|